Pigmentation problem is one of the common dermatological conditions among both men and women and can be extremely irritating at times. The problem can take a number of forms, including smear skin and brown spots. Thanks to the innovations in dermatology, experts have come up with a number of skin-lightening procedures and promising methods to treat pigmentation, which has many causes and can attack all types of skin.
There exist a number of dermatological alternatives to treat pigmentation; however, treatment would depend on the scope, area and gravity of the problem. At the Dermalase in Islamabad, Dr. Shumaila Khan comes with individualised treatment plan for each patient, taking into consideration the individual skin tone, and providing customised care. The treatment may just be a single therapy or amalgamation of more than one procedures.
According to Dr. Shumaila, damages caused to the skin by the sun is one of the major causes of pigmentation problems in light-skinned people. Continuous sun exposure can lead to spotted hyper-pigmentation that often results in uneven skin colour or smudged skin tone.
In dark-skinned individuals, the most common pigmentation problems are melasma and post-inflammatory hyper-pigmentation. In case of melasma, an uneven and patchy brown discoloration may occur on the skin, especially areas of the face more exposed to the sun. In women, this occurs mostly during pregnancy. Post-inflammatory hyper-pigmentation mostly occurs due to a bruise or swelling to the skin, resulting in greater pigment production.
As the initial option, the most common pigmentation treatment is the use of topical hydroquinone or retinol. However, when it fails, chemical peels using salicylic acid and glycolic acid may be employed coupled with topical treatments. Other options for pigmentation treatment include the use of Q-switched lasers and Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) apparatuses. This may also be combined with topical therapies in targeted areas. At the Dermalase, Dr. Shumaila uses lasers and IPL devices herself with greater care and to ensure patients safety.
Since treating pigmentation problem can be challenging, Dr. Shumaila pays greater attention to diagnose the fundamental cause of the pigmentation problem, after which she carefully recommends an effective regimen. She has so far treated hundreds of people with pigmentation problem through customised solution with greater success.